The urinary tract is the drainage system of your body that removes urine. Urine is made up of wastes and water. The urinary tract consists of your kidneys, bladder, and ureters. It is very important that your urinary tract works properly as it can cause severe health problems.

Urologic diseases basically involve an extensive range of conditions. They are all related to the filtering and carrying urine out of your system. Urologic diseases can affect anyone, men, children, and women. They affect certain parts of the body. In females, it affects urinary tract and in men, it can affect urinary tract or reproductive organs.

Most Common Urologic Diseases

Urinary tract infection is the most common and costliest type of urologic diseases. Other diseases include:

  • Kidney stones
  • Prostate cancer
  • Hematuria
  • Urine Incontinence
  • Bladder cancer
  • Bladder prolapse
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Prostatitis


There different symptoms for every urologic disease but some common symptoms that indicate a urological problem are:

Blood in the urine

Bloody urine is a significant sign of urologic disease that needs evaluation. For the examination, the doctor might recommend ultrasound, cystoscopy, and x-rays.

Pain in the Groin

You can experience pain in the groin, it can be caused by bladder or prostate. If you experience the pain, you must see a doctor. They will need physical examination along with ultrasound and urine tests.

Pain in the Loin

Pain in the loin is a serious problem that points to a kidney problem. In case the pain is in colicky, it can be due to a kidney stone. The doctor will examine with the help of x-rays, ultrasound and urine tests.

Pain During Urination

Another common symptom that is an indicator of urologic disease is pain during urination. It is a distressing symptom which is commonly caused by infection. There is a risk that it can be because of a bladder stone. The doctor will conduct a urine test to be sure.

Uncontrolled Leakage of Urine

This is one the biggest symptom of the urologic disease. Incontinence is a very serious problem that negatively impacts your quality of life. It requires immediate medical attention. The doctor will conduct a physical examination and will require urine test to confirm. The doctor may have to do an uroflow study as well.

Frequent Urination

Frequent urination can be disturbing that is caused by infection or over-sensitive bladder. The doctor might need uroflow study, ultrasound and urine tests to examine it.

Tips to Improve Overall Urological Health

There are some tips for promoting good urologic health. They include:

  • You must stay hydrated
  • Stay within a healthy weight range
  • Cranberry juice is good for urologic health, it helps in preventing urinary tract infection.
  • Restrict the amount of caffeine and salt you intake.
  • You must limit your fluid consumption during night time hours.
  • Live a smoke-free lifestyle.
  • Your pelvic muscle must be strong. To strengthen it you must do Kegel exercise.

Therefore, there are some urologic diseases that last for a short time while others are long-lasting. If you experience any of the symptoms you must consult a urologist immediately. With the help of doctor, you can decide which treatment is best suited for you.

DISCLAIMER: The medical information on this site is provided as an information resource only, and is not to be used or relied on for any diagnostic or treatment purposes. This information is not intended to be patient education, does not create any patient-physician relationship, and should not be used as a substitute for professional diagnosis and treatment.